Fathepursikri  

40 kms from Agra, the city of Fatehpur Sikri served as the capital of the Mughal empire between 1570 and 1586. But as abruptly as it had been built, it was abandoned. A popular legend is attached to the city's conception. According to it, Emperor Akbar was without a male heir, and therefore, made a pilgrimage to seek the blessings of the powerful saint Sheikh Salim Chisti. His prayer was fulfilled, and soon, a son was born to him. In honour of the saint, Akbar named the prince Salim, and decided to found a new city to celebrate his birth. And thus, the magnificent Fatehpur Sikri, the new capital, came into being. 

The city was intended to embody the noble ideals, and the humanitarian bent of this dynamic emperor. Although a Muslim, Akbar was famous for his incredible tolerance towards other religions, and he is said to have indulged in a great deal of study and discussion in this field, in his new capital. He also created a new religion, Deen - e - Elahi which attempted to fuse positive aspects of all the major religons into one composite whole. 

The finest monuments within this area are the Diwan - i - Am, Diwan - i - Khas, Panch Mahal, Jama Masjid, Panch Mahal, Buland Darwaza and the tomb of Saint Sheikh Salim Chisti.

For detailed information, see Agra.

Some of the forts and palaces you could visit while touring India are
Agra Fort, Agra
Gwalior Fort, Gwalior 
Fatehpur Sikri, Agra  
City Palace, Jaipur 
Jaigarh Fort, Jaipur
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Amber Fort, Jaipur
Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur 
Mysore Palace, Mysore
Red Fort, Delhi
Golconda Fort, Hyderabad