Nalanda University  

The University of Nalanda, located 103 km southwest of Patna, was once a Buddhist University of international fame but now it is in ruins. The construction of this great center of learning was started during the reign of Kumara Gupta (413-455 A.D.) and the later constructions were taken up under the patronage of king Harshvardhana (606-647 A.D.) and Pala Kings (8th-12th century A.D.). During the 7th Century A.D. when Hiuen Tsang studied here, there were nearly 10,000 students from different countries and the university was a six-storeyed building. Nalanda passed into obscurity when Bhaktiyar Khilji destroyed this center of learning in 1197 A.D.

Excavation has so far unearthed 11 numbers of monasteries running north to south. Each monastery is of 62.5*51.5 m size and is surrounded by 2 to 2.3 m-thick wall. There were a large number of stucco figures of Buddhist deities on the sides of the entrance. Two rooms with vaulted roof, constructed on the principle of arch are still present. A row of temples was built facing these monasteries. Altogether 211 sculptured panels of granite were installed in the temples. A huge Stupa was built at the southwest end. The rooms for the students with verandahs were constructed around an inner quadrangular courtyard. The pillars used in the construction were ornamented and carved with various types of figures. There was an observatory which was used for planetary studies. 

Some of the Monuments of India are
Taj Mahal (Agra)
Konark Sun Temple (Orissa)  
Mahabalipuram Temples (Chennai)
Jaislmer Fort (Rajasthan)
Hemis Gompa (Ladakha)
Mehrangarh Fort (Jodhpur)
Victoria Memorial (Calcutta)
Sarnath (Varanasi U.P)
Qutab minar (Delhi)
Meenakshi Temple (Tamil Nadu)  
Jama- Masjid (Delhi) 
Ajanta Ellora (Maharshtra) 
Red Fort (Delhi) 
Udaipur Palace (Udaipur) 
Golden Temple (Amrtisar) 
Khajuraho Temple 
Sanchi Stupa (Bhopal) 
Charminar (Hyderabad) 
Nalanda (Bihar)