Sunderban National Park & Tiger Reserve  

Located in the Ganga delta in West Bengal, spanning the Hooghly in the west and Teulia river in the east, Sunderbans was declared a National Park in 1984. The park covers a vast stretch of mangrove swamp, lush forested islands and small rivers near the Bay of Bengal. Most of the region comprises estuarine mangrove forests and swamps which supports an ecosystem specially adapted to great salinity.

Sundarban became a project Tiger Reserve in 1974 and spreads over 2585 sq.kms. of mangrove swamps in West Bengal. It is the only ecological habitat of the tiger of its kind in India. 269 tigers are found in this habitatand the population seems to be stable over the last decade even though a detailed assessment of predator and prey base are urgently required. The core area of this reserve is 1330 sq. kms. There are 64 plant species in Sundarban and they have the capacity to withstand estuarine conditions and saline inundation on account of tidal effects. Sundarban is not only a biosphere reserve but also a world heritage site.

Sunderbans is home to the magnificent Royal Bengal tiger, the park holding more tigers than any other tiger reserve. More than 400 tigers were recorded during the mid-1980s. Project Tiger has also launched a programme to protect the Olive Ridley sea turtles. Crocodiles and the Gangetic dolphin are to be found aplenty in the Raimgangal river. The Sajnakhali sanctuary, famous for its rich avian population, is regarded as a part of the Sunderbans National Park.  

When to visit 

September to May is the best time to visit the Park. 

Some of the most beautiful parks and sanctuaries of India 
Wildlife in Kerala
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
Wildlife in Bihar
Mudumalai Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
Periyar National Park, Kerala
Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
Sunderban Tiger Reserve, WestBengal
Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
Wildlife in Orissa
Manas Tiger Reserve, Assam
Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
Bharatpur National Park, Rajasthan
Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan
Keibul Lam Jao National Park, Manipur
Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh
Bannerghata National Park,Karnataka
Gir National Park and Sanctuary, Gujarat
Dachigam National Park, Jammu & Kashmir