Kushinagar

Set against a pastoral landscape, the small hamlet of Kushinagar, 53 km west of Gorakhpur, is revered as the site of the Buddha's Mahaparinirvana, his death and cremation, that marked his final liberation from the cycles of death and rebirth.

During Buddha's lifetime, Kushinara, as it was then called, was a small town in the kingdom of the Mallas, surrounded by a thick forest cover. It remained forgotten, until the late nineteenth century, when archaeologists rediscovered the site, and began excavations.

Today, Kushinagar is rediscovering its roots, as a centre for international Buddhism, and is home to many viharas, including a Tibetan gompa devoted to Sakyamuni, a Burmese vihara, and temples from China and Japan.

Places To See 

Nirvana Temple

Set in a leafy park at the heart of Kushinagar, the Nirvana Stupa, dating back to the reign of Kumaragupta I (413-55AD), enshrines a giant statue of the Buddha, in a reclining position. It was extensively rebuilt, by Burmese Buddhists, in 1927. The surrounding area is strewn with Stupas, erected by pious pilgrims, and ruins of four monasteries. 

Rambhar Stupa

About 1.5 km southeast of the Nirvana Temple, surrounded by rice, wheat and cane fields, lies the Rambhar Stupa. It was popularly believed to be the place, where Buddha was created by the Mallas.  

Mata Kaur Shrine

Houses a 10th century blue schist image of the Buddha.

Japanese Temple

Built by the Atago Isshin World Buddhist Cultural Association, it consists of a single circular chamber, housing a golden image of the Buddha, softly lit through small, stained-glass windows. 

Some of the greatest thinkers of India are
Amaravati
Nagarjunakonda
Bodhgaya
Sanchi
Kushinagar
Sarnath
Nalanda
Vaishali